曾焯文譯介:英倫HK Watch建議廢律政司檢控權 HK Watch Suggesting Removal of Prosecution Power of Sec. of Justice (Chapman Chen)

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英倫人權組織Hong Kong Watch二月二十八日發表聲明,呼籲香港當局根據香港基本法第二十五條及第三十九條、香港人權法案條例第十條、公民權利和政治權利國際公約第十四條,確保政治抗爭人士得到公平審判。公安條例「暴動」和「煽動暴動」的罪名含糊不清;律政司長要求嚴刑峻罰梁天琦等一六年初一旺角示威者;「大陸游客」拍攝陪審團,法官不理;針對佔領運動領袖的「煽惑他人煽惑公眾妨擾」史無前例,在在令人擔心政治犯公平審訊權受侵。Hong Kong Watch建議由獨立的檢控專員負責檢控,而律政司長由於有政治任命,其檢控權應當廢除。The London-based NGO Hong Kong Watch published on 28.2 a statement, which calls on the Hong Kong authorities to ensure fair trials for Hong Kong political dissidents, according to articles 25 and 39 of the Basic Law, HK Human Rights Ordinance and International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. The charge of ‘rioting’ and ‘incitement to riot’ under the Public Order Ordinance is vague; the former Secretary of Justice sought disproportionate sentences for political activists like Edward Leung and other protestors in the 2016 Lunar New Year Mongkok case of police-civilian clash; recently, a “Mainland tourist” took photos of a jury and the judge did nothing; the charge of ‘incitement to incite public nuisance’ against leaders of the Occupy Central Movement is unprecedented. All these make people worry about HK political activists’ right to a fair trial. HK Watch suggests that the prosecution power of the Secretary of Justice, a political appointee, be removed, and an independent prosecutor be responsible for prosecution. (The last line was clarified by Benedict Rogers after the statement came out)

政治犯的審訊由政治任命的律政司長,負責起訴刑事犯罪,已潛在政治化政治犯案件。前任律政司長袁國強尋求判政治犯不成比例的刑罰,如果得到法庭確認,可能會侵犯公平審訊權。

舉個例,梁天琦等旺角示威者的案件目前正在審訊,所建議的量刑我們擔心可能不成比例。根據公安條例,暴亂和煽動騷亂的罪名含糊不清,可能導致對示威者過度懲罰。在這些高度政治性的審判,根據香港人權法案條例第十條和公民權利和政治權利國際公約第十四條,抗議者應得公正審理,法官及陪審團必須保持獨立,此點至為重要。我們注意到,有所謂「大陸游客」拍攝陪審團,並在社交媒體上分享,可能損害陪審團獨立性。

此外,針對戴耀廷和其他八位佔領運動領袖的指控前所未有的,似乎志在清算嚴懲抗爭領袖,相當於侵犯了言論自由。戴耀廷面臨串謀作出公眾妨擾、煽惑他人煽惑公眾妨擾三項指控。所有九名領導人都面臨至少兩項指控,每項指控的最高刑罰為入獄七年以上。 第三項指控,煽惑他人煽惑公眾妨擾,史無前例的,荒旦違反基本法原則。香港法律沒有規定這種犯罪行為,似乎特別用來懲罰異見人士,將其懲罰加到最大。

對這些問題最有效的補救辦法是由獨立的檢控專員負責檢控,律政司長由於有政治任命,其檢控權應當廢除。在此過渡期間,法官和陪審團必須確保公正不阿,維護人權,決策時不屈服於政治壓力。

資料來源:Hong Kong Watch公平審訊權聲明

(https://www.hongkongwatch.org/all-posts/2018/2/28/hong-kong-watch-statement-on-the-right-to-a-fair-trial)(最後一句經Hong Kong Watch主席Benedict Rogers事後澄清)


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