英國智庫:香港歸中廿年,公民、政治、法律權利大倒退 Henry Jackson Soc:Rollback of Civil, Human&Legal Rights in HK after 97

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英國智庫:香港歸中廿年,公民、政治、法律權利大倒退
Henry Jackson Soc:Rollback of Civil, Human&Legal Rights in HK after 97

曾焯文報導翻譯 (Chapman Chen reports)

英國智庫亨利傑克遜學會(Henry Jackson Society)的亞洲研究中心今日(十月三十一日)發表論文報告:「香港二十年:公民、政治、法律權利的倒退」(Dr John Hemmings 及 Dr Malte Kaeding主編)。論文集部份作者今日(香港時間晚上七點)在英國上議院宣讀報告,包括亨利傑克遜學會亞洲研究中心主任Dr John Hemmings、Surrey 大學國際政治學講師Dr. Malte Philipp Kaeding、保守黨人權委員會副主席Benedict Rogers、香港法律改革委員會前主席Professor Carol Jones、本土民主前線發言人梁天琦。利物浦Alton爵士主持。 (節錄)

The Asian Studies Centre of Henry Jackson Society, UK, today (Oct.31) published their research paper or report, “Hong Kong After 20 Years: the Rollback of Civil, Human, and Legal Rights Asia Studies Centre Research”. Some of the writers of the report will speak at the House of Lords, London today at noon, London time, including:- Dr John Hemmings (Director, Asia Studies Centre, at The Henry Jackson Society), Dr. Malte Philipp Kaeding (Lecturer in International Politics, at The University of Surrey),
Benedict Rogers (Deputy Chairman of the Conservative Party Human Rights Commission), Professor Carol Jones (Academic and Former Chairperson of the Committee on Legal Reform in Hong Kong), Edward Leung (Spokesperson of Hong Kong Indigenous Party). The function will be hosted by Lord Alton of Liverpool. The Chinese (translated by Chapman Chen) and English summaries are as follows:

撮要如下:經過二十年,香港特區的民主政治權利情況似乎慘淡過十年前好多。中國共產黨在九七之前表示 :寧願英國維持對香港的殖民地直接統治制度,覺得任何邁向香港民主自治的行動像,對英中關係有害。雖然英治時期香港並無普選,但卻促成了普選道路,並藉獨立的司法機關向香港公民灌輸了好些權利。(節錄)

香港司法機構日益政治化,北京以非司法手段在香港特區執行意向。 包括任意拘留、雙重追訴,以及法外引渡。港中經濟九七後日益密切,香港經濟與受益匪淺。九七前香港人均生產總值低於倫敦,現在則高於倫敦(曾焯文注:惟貧富懸殊大增)。

中國紅色資本分三個階段來香港:(一)九七前:為了與外部世界聯繫,政治經濟滲透; (二)九七後:中共家庭及太子黨建設資產; (3)習後時期:全面投資香港的財經、地產產和媒體。

道德與國民教育打算培養中國民族主義,實際導致香港青年反抗。

香港在無國界記者世界新聞自由指數排名,由二零零二年第十八位下降至二零一五年第七十三位。

北京對行政立法兩會,控制越來越厲害,大為縮細民主派候選人勝數。

報告對外交部的政策建議:
直接和更公開與香港民間社會接觸,加強英國對一國兩制的承擔。與法官、議員、新聞工作者、媒體工作者和大學代表更多合作,加強關乎香港自主的機關的地位。贊助香港猛人高調訪問,會晤議員、司法人員、學者、人權倡導者及其他人士。增加外交部內的能力資源,以監察香港情況。

對國會的政策建議:
•在香港成立獨立的各黨議會小組,監察香港的政治和經濟發展情況,並在有需要時提請他們注意。
•重新啟動二零一七年外交事務委員會英中關係調查,以闡明雙方關係的細節,並主持香港政治趨勢公開對話。

Executive Summary

Twenty years on, the situation in HKSAR looks much bleaker for democracy and political rights than it did only ten years ago.

The Communist Party of China voiced – before the Handover – a preference for the UK to maintain a colonial direct rule system over Hong Kong, seeing any move toward democratic self-governance – as with other British colonies – as harmful to UK-China relations.

While British rule did not extend universal suffrage, it fostered a path to universal suffrage and imbued a number of rights to citizens through the independent judiciary.

Hong Kong’s judiciary has become increasingly politicised as Beijing exerts non-judicial means to enforce its will in the HKSAR. This includes arbitrary detentions, prosecutions for ‘double jeopardy’, and extra-legal extradition.

Hong Kong’s economy has benefitted immensely from the Handover with China as the two economies have grown ever-closer. From a level well below London’s in 1997, Hong Kong’s GDP per capita is now higher。

Chinese Red Capital has come to Hong Kong in three stages: (1) Pre-1997: political and economic infiltration for the purpose of links to the outside world; (2) Post-1997: the build- up of assets of CCP families and their princelings; and (3) Post-Xi: comprehensive investment into the financial, property, and media pillars of Hong Kong.

The Moral and National Education curriculum while intending to foster Chinese nationalism has, in fact, led to a revolt among Hong Kong’s youth.

Hong Kong’s place in the Reporters Without Borders’ world press freedom index sank from 18th place in 2002 to 73rd place in 2015.

Beijing’s increasing control over arms of governance in the LegCo and the ExCo have been successful in narrowing access for pro-democracy activists.

Policy Recommendations for the FCO:
Promote the UK’s commitment to the ‘One Country Two Systems’ principle by engaging directly and more publicly with civil society in Hong Kong.

Strengthen the position of the institutions central to Hong Kong’s autonomy by engaging more with judges, lawmakers, journalists, media workers and university representatives.

Sponsor high-profile visits by key Hongkongers to engage with parliamentarians, members of the judiciary, academics, human rights advocates, and others as appropriate.
Increase capacity and resources within the FCO for monitoring the situation in Hong Kong.

Policy Recommendations for Parliament:
Form a separate All-Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) on Hong Kong to monitor political as well as economic developments in Hong Kong and call attention to them as and when required.

Re-launch the aborted 2017 Foreign Affairs Committee Inquiry UK Relations with China Inquiry, which represents an opportunity to frame the particulars of the bilateral relationship and host a public conversation on the political trends in Hong Kong.


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